Opening New Caledonia - Opening New Caledonia - Lesson Plans - Youth Activities
Opening New CaledoniaGo to Home PageFrancais
Exhibit NavigationPage Navigation
Reverend Runnalls
L.C. Gunn Journals and Correspondence
Prince George Maps
Northwood Documents
Northwood Maps
Forest Branch Newsletters
Blake Dickens Forestry Collection
Spacer Image
Search
Overview
Image Use
Site Map
Timeline
Lesson Plans
Glossary
Spacer Image
Explore
CB_BG

Lesson Plans
Youth Activities



Youth Activities

Grade Level

  • Grade 5

Main Idea

In the early 1900's, youth did not have the technology that we have today. Games, sports and even chores were carried out differently. Children had many more responsibilities than children today, such as grocery shopping, working in stores and caring for siblings, especially when parents were ill.

Subject Areas

  • English Language Arts
  • Fine Arts
  • Social Studies

Objectives

Students will be able to describe:

  • The history of the school system in Prince George
  • The life of youth in the early 1900's
  • How technology affects one's activities.

Teacher Notes

No prior knowledge of youth activities in the 1900's is needed to successfully present this lesson plan.

Materials

  • "My Spare Time" handout
  • "Teacher's Background Information" handout
  • "My Responsibilities" handout
  • "Schools in the Early Years" handout
  • "Fun Time Photos" handout
  • "Fun Time Questions" handout
  • Paper
  • Pencils

Take home project

  • Paper
  • Pencil

Outline

  1. Distribute "My Spare Time" handout to each student to complete in class.
  2. Once completed, have class decide if they think they have more spare time and activities than a youth that grew up in the 1920's. Once class has answered, read "Spare Time in the 1920's" from the "Teacher's Background Information" handout.
  3. Distribute the "Spare Time Then and Now" handout to each student to complete.
  4. Distribute "My Responsibilities" handout to each student to complete in class.
  5. Once completed, have class decide if they think they have more spare time and activities than a youth that grew up in the 1920's. Once class has answered read "Responsibilities in the 1920's" from the "Teacher's Background Information" handout.
  6. Distribute the "Responsibilities Then and Now" handout to each student to complete.
  7. Brainstorm with students about schools in Prince George.
    1. How many are there?
    2. How many students may be in one class/school?
  8. Distribute "Schools in the Early Years" handout to each student. Have students fill in the blanks as teacher reads the following:
    • The first school was in South Fort George, built in 1910 and with 24 students. In 1912 students where moved into a school that had 2 classrooms instead of 2. There where some problems with the schools because they did not have enough supplies for all of the students and the teachers did not have the proper education to teach children. In 1913 there were 75 students and 8 desks. Parents complained and a new school was to be built, which is part of Fort George Central School today. In 1921 the opening of the Prince George Public School was announced. This school had 8 rooms, offices for the principal and teachers and indoor pluming and heat.
  9. Post one picture at a time on overhead from the "Fun Time" handouts. Let students know that they have 1 minute to memorize the photo to answer questions.
    • Once one picture has been shown for 1 minute, turn the overhead off and ask students the question regarding the photo from "Fun Time Questions" handout
  10. As a take home assignment ask students to imagine they are in the early 1900's. Have them spend an evening at home with out using any of the modern conveniences that we take for granted in the 21st century.
    • Have students make a list of everything they gave up for the night.
  11. For the next day, have students share their experiences with the class.
  12. As a class discuss how and why youth activities are different today than in the 1900's.
    1. Technology
      • Internet and not books
    2. Resources available
      • Toys, robots instead of tires

Further Resources

Christensen, Bev. Prince George: Rivers, Railways, and Timber. Canada: Windsor Publications, 1989.

Children When Prince George was young. http://www.theexplorationplace.com/children/index.html. 2003.

Teacher's Background Information

Spare Time in the 1920's

Families did not have a lot of money to buy children clothes or toys. All clothes were "hand me downs" and games included rolling a tire with a stick up and down streets, rolling hoops or tires off the cutbanks into the river below. Toys where mostly home made and included whistles and slingshots. Dolls were very important to young girls and every girl had a doll collection. **Refer to the "Dolls" and "Wagon" photo**

All birthdays were held in homes because there was no bowling ally, swimming pool or movie theatre to go to. **Refer to the "Birthday" photo**

There were many organized sports for youth to take part in. Baseball, football, skiing and boxing sports were played by all youth in the community. A ski jump was even built at Connaught hill. **Refer to the "Ski Jump" photo** There were also clubs that youth belonged to and included Girl Guides and Boy Scouts.

May 24th was the biggest holiday, where the entire town would come out to celebrate. There was an air show, pet show, parades, maypole dancing, fancy dress balls and soapbox racing. **Refer to the "Maypole Dancing" photo**

Soapbox racing was popular for all youth under the age of 14. The winner won an all expenses paid trip to Mission BC to compete against other winners from all over BC. **Refer to the "Soapbox" photo**

Responsibilities

All children were expected to help out the family. Older children had to care for younger children and all helped with the gardening, berry picking, fishing, chopping wood and farm duties. **Refer to "Farm Duties" photo** Younger boys around the age of 8 had to get jobs to help care for the family. There was no allowance and all the money that children earned went to their parents as part of the family income. As children turned 14-15, they left school and where expected to get a job and take care of themselves. Children were allowed to have more freedom because there were fewer security concerns. Young children were allowed to go places by themselves and spend unstructured time with their friends.

When one boy was 5 years old he did the dishes and did the grocery shopping for his mom. He would load up his red wheelbarrow with groceries and pull them back home.

Birthday Party

Birthday Party

Dolls

Dolls

Farm Duties

Farm Duties

Wagon

Wagon

Ski Jump

Ski Jump

Maypole

Maypole Dancing

Soapbox Racing

Soap Box Racers

My Spare Time

5 Things that I do in my spare time are:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

Clubs that I am in are:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

My Spare Time Then & Now

Write the activity and buildings in the correct box Then, Now and Then & Now

Activities and Buildings

Soap Box RacingBowling AlleyFootball
BaseballRolling TiresSwimming Pool
SkiingGirl GuidesBoxing
Movie TheatreRolling HoopsWhistles

THEN

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  

NOW

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  

THEN AND NOW

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  
  6.  

My Spare Time Then & Now

Answer Key

Write the activity and buildings in the correct box Then, Now and Then & Now

Activities and Buildings

Soap Box RacingBowling AlleyFootball
BaseballRolling TiresSwimming Pool
SkiingGirl GuidesBoxing
Movie TheatreRolling HoopsWhistles

THEN

  1. Soap Box Racing
  2. Rolling Hoops
  3. Rolling Tires

NOW

  1. Movie Theatre
  2. Bowling Alley
  3. Swimming Pool

THEN AND NOW

  1. Baseball
  2. Skiing
  3. Girl Guides
  4. Whistles
  5. Boxing
  6. Football

My Responsibilities

My Responsibilities at Home are:

 
 
 
 
 

My Responsibilities at School are:

 
 
 
 
 

My Responsibilities Then and Now

Fill in the blanks

If I was born in the 1920's I would have a lot of responsibilities. 5 of them may have been...

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

Today 5 of my responsibilities are...

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

School in the Early Days

South Fort George School, 1910
The First School

Fill in the Blanks as teacher reads.

  1. The first school in South Fort George had                      Students.
  2. In 1913 there were 75 students and                      desks.
  3. The opening of the Prince George Public School was announced in                     .

School in the Early Days

Answer Key

South Fort George School, 1910
The First School

Fill in the Blanks as teacher reads.

  1. The first school in South Fort George had          24          Students.
  2. In 1913 there were 75 students and          8           desks.
  3. The opening of the Prince George Public School was announced in         1921        .

Fun Time Picture #1

dancing

Fun Time Picture #2

Girl Guides with Santa

Fun Time Picture #3

Children with dog

Fun Time Picture Questions

Display one picture at a time. Have students look at the picture for one minute then take the picture away and ask the corresponding question. Have students take 1 minute to write down their answer on a sheet of paper. Once all pictures have been presented and students have their answers, go over the answers with students.

Picture # 1

How many students are in picture # 1? 5 students

Picture # 2

Who are the Girl Guides talking to in picture # 2? Santa

Picture # 3

What animal is sitting with the children in picture # 3? A dog


Photographic History of Prince George
| Milltown to Downtown | Settlers' Effects |

Opening New Caledonia | Project Credits | Contact Us | Feedback |
©2004 The Exploration Place at the Fraser-Fort George Regional Museum

This site is financed in part by the federal government; your opinion counts!
What do you think of this site?