Opening New Caledonia - Opening New Caledonia - Timeline 1935
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1935

Prince George citizens were keen to know how low the temperature dropped during the particularly cold winter of 1935. It became common for thermometers to be displayed on storefronts and outside homes so that people could conveniently check the temperature. Beginning in 1935, local meteorologist R. B. Carter regularly broadcast temperatures over the radio. People soon realized that the temperatures on thermometers around town were all different, and the official readings were different again. Carter provided the explanation: at low temperatures, mercury thermometers are unreliable because mercury solidifies at minus 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Finally, when the Dominion Meteorological Service recorded a minimum temperature of minus 77 degrees Fahrenheit, the decision was made to switch to using alcohol thermometers instead.

Tensions between relief workers and police erupted in May. Protesters wanted to prevent men from agreeing to work for less than fifty cents an hour. Police guards accompanied truckloads of men that had accepted work at lower pay who were being transported to projects east of the City. The protesters installed a barricade across a bridge to keep the trucks from passing. Clubs and rocks were used against the police. When the episode concluded, protesters were given jail sentences of between six and eighteen months.

A regular feature in the Citizen was a page headed "Items of Interest to Women." In 1935, much emphasis was placed on remembering to massage cold cream into one's hands and feet to keep the skin soft. Women were cautioned not to wear gloves too small for their hands so the circulation would not be cut off, making their hands red. "If, just before some special occasion you find your hands particularly red with the veins bulging, just shake them a few minutes in the air and it will relieve the congestion."

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